SILLY NOISY HOUSE
CD-ROM The Voyager Company, 1991
A Silly Noisy House was one of the first CD-ROM interactive titles for children. The Voyager Company released it 1991 for color Macs only. In 1991, there were so few color Macs with CD-ROM drives that we had to ship the press releases with a videotape of my daughter playing it. Without the video, no one could quite imagine what a kid might do with a computer. It was in print (for PC and Mac) for over a decade, translated into German ( Das Bi-Ba-Butze Haus ) and Spanish ( Casita de Sorpresas ) and has finally all but disappeared, even from venues like eBay.
I had been lobbying Bob Stein, of the newly founded Voyager Company, to publish original interactive work. It was 1990, so I was thinking laser disc, but CD-ROM publishing was just beginning. One day he called and invited me to make whatever I wanted with the following conditions: it had to be a product for children, it would have to bs predominantly audio and require no licensed properties. These requirements were strictly business, the emphasis on audio rather than visuals reflected that high quality audio, unlike animation, can be produced relatively cheaply. He specified a children's product because it was a broader demographic than any specific topic for adults. There was simply no money for licensing.
I decided that to make something interactive for children it made sense to watch children and make a title based on an activity - a word that predates inter active. I didn't feel that inserting buttons into a fairytale was justifiable, so I looked for something that required participation, that would motivate or even provoke a child into pushing a button.
The first model I came up with was a music box: Give a kid, any kid, a music box and they will mess with it until they figure out what it is they have to do to get it to make music. Then, they'll figure out how to turn it off. ON, OFF, ON, OFF. Touch it – it makes a noise! Touch it again, the noise stops. Forever. So the essential model for A Silly Noisy House was a Music Box. Click on something, it makes a sound (or a noise or a song or a rhyme), click again and it stops. I think Bob thought I'd said toybox, and I somehow started with a chest of toys – but among the toys there was a dollhouse.
It all started with the KITCHEN. I made a number of Hypercard stacks with fairly sketchy ideas and Brian Speight offered to draw the kitchen for me. He made the original drawing (eventually illustrating the entire project) with black marker on white tissue paper. We scanned the drawing and I borrowed a MacCorder and recorded everything in my kitchen that made noise, including tuning all the glasses to play a scale. Note the wine bottle on the table.
I eventually scored the kitchen to play Twinkle Twinkle Little Star by drawing lines from the notes to the objects in the kitchen - not without experimenting first with real glasses in my actual kitchen.
A Silly Noisy House is a celebration of household noise: the vacuum cleaner, blender and phone get equal play with the tongue-twisters, lullabies and music. The drumsticks beat on the walls and steps as well as the drum.
The Bears came later. I didn't want to make a house with 'nobody home' and I honestly can't remember if I considered other animals. I very consciously left the Bears unscripted and without names. I spent a lot of time watching my children play with their dollhouse and saw how they made up their own names for the dolls. I think it is important to leave children a space to pretend, create a world and make up their own stories.
This was underscored one day when my daughter, who was four at the time, came up to the sandwich screen and said, Mommy, which one are you?" Then, without waiting for me to answer she said as she dragged the cake over to one of the bears, "I think you're the one with the purple bow and I'm that other one and wouldn't you like a piece of cake and I'm going to have some ice cream,” continuing to drag the ice cream come to the other bear.
That's when we added the small draggable bear – it resides in almost every room and can be moved around and clicked into a few standard positions. That bear is for kids to discover, drag around and make their own. Back offscreen, I was very happy one day when I saw my younger daughter standing in front of our real dollhouse, holding the teapot and singing "I'm a Little Teapot".
I got the idea for the teddy bear's dream from watching my kids use those "magic pads" where you draw with a special marker or with a pencil and watch the picture reveal. I have a few favorites: that spring I'd had a major problem with moths so I get special pleasure from the moths in the attic. I love the magic hatbox – Amanda Goodenough's contribution. I recruited writer and performance artist Barry Yourgrow, for the tongue-twisters. Chilrdren's media was far from his normal fare and when he stumbled through Peter Piper, I decided to include a "bad" take along with the perfect reading. I never get tired of "Betty Botter bought some butter..."
When I was a kid I spent a great deal of time tapping on panels looking for a secret passages that just might transport me somewhere. After I watched kids enjoy falling through the trapdoor, I added several more secret passages.
I teamed up with composer Daniel Stein for the sound effects and music. Inspiration for the fanfare came from a recording I had of a Chilean theatrical group that had performed in Santa Monica as part of the L.A. festival during the 1984 Olympics. I gave the cassette to Dan, asked for a fractured fanfare and he produced the signature opening. There are over 250 sound effects and fourteen songs.
We celebrated the release of A Silly Noisy House at a party where we served a two-story scale model of the Silly Noisy House in gingerbread and gumdrops.
A Silly Noisy House also broke ground in the area of copyright and digital media. In 1991 the Library of Congress was unprepared for digital media. I asked my cousin, Ken Liebman, an intellectual property expert to help. He pressed on valiantly, calling one day to tell me that I would have to submit the computer code in order to obtain a copyright. A CD-ROM, unlike a book, doesn't easily yield its contents (or didn't at that time – it required a color MAC, a rare commodity then) so the librarians, more comfortable with paper and print made what they thought was a reasonable request. But what was I going to print? A Silly Noisy House was a confection of original drawings and animations, original performances of public domain material, and sound effects all held together within a composition of links described in a computer language called Lingo annotating a score in Macromind Director. The code, on paper, I protested, would be incomprehensible. It was to no avail, they had to have print. In the end, I submitted over six hundred pages of computer code and received my official copyright.
The important innovations of A Silly Noisy House are not the specifics of the program, but the style of interaction and the integration of different media. I conceived of A Silly Noisy House as an animated musical pop-up book. There are songs, nursery rhymes, sound effects, and music are "cached" inside the house for the child to discover. Open the oven and Four and Twenty Blackbirds fly out of the pie, open the refrigerator and the butter recites Betty Botter Bought Some Butter or the jar of pickled peppers recite the famous tongue twister. The roar of a blender or whrrr of a vacuum cleaner are given equal time with the songs "I'm A Little Teapot" and "It's Raining It's Pouring."
A Silly Noisy House is not a game. There is no goal, there are no advancement levels, it is not commercially educational in that there are no gratuitous number and letter drills. It is a hybrid: a cassette tape plus a pop-up book plus a video with a few surprises. Different children play with it differently.They sing along, they find the activities, they talk to the bears (they invent conversations) they listen and hunt for new sounds. I learned that older children (six or seven and up) would go at it with the purpose of discovering every little detail. Once they'd exhausted the house, they'd had enough for that session. A very young child (three) would repeat activities, going back, over and over again to one song, one rhyme, one animation. The next day, they'd find another favorite.
Designing an interface for young children requires simplicity and clarity. No reading, no dialogue boxes, no complicated instructions. WYCOWYG: What you click on is what you get. This screen, a cutaway of a dollhouse, is the "home" or "Table of Contents" screen. Notice that there are no arrows or buttons or words. Navigation is very simple: The house, like a real dollhouse, takes you to any of the rooms. Once in a room, it is possible to pan right or left. If there is a door or passageway to an adjoining room, panning takes you there. Each room has a small dollhouse on the floor – this house in the house takes us back to the cutaway view of all the rooms. There are a few magic passageways discovered via serendipity. There is no “back button” or “history.” No “oops” button because you can't do anything wrong.
MacUser Top 40: September 1993
New Media INVISION Awards : Silver Medal, 1993
L.A. Parent Magazine Software Award for Early Childhood, 1992
New York Time's "All Star List 1992A.V.A. Award, Tokyo, 1991
|OPINION PIECE: INTER-HYPER-MULTI-ATOR|